According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular conditions account for the maximum mortality rates globally. As per estimations, more than thirty million people are diagnosed with heart valve diseases annually across developed nations, leading to heart failure.
In addition, there are heart valve repair and heart valve replacement surgeries to tackle these heart conditions. Therefore, you should be aware of the heart valve replacement cost in India. However, before you know when you need a heart valve replacement, you must understand what heart valve replacement is.
Definition of Heart Valve Replacement
The four heart valves are the aortic, pulmonary, mitral, and tricuspid. They are getaways to the blood passage. The heart valves are responsible for controlling the blood flow’s correct direction. So, when the mitral and aortic valves are damaged, the doctors will suggest heart valve replacement surgery to treat any life-threatening valve defect. Often, some patients require more than one valve replaced or repaired. Surgeons use two types of valves to replace the damaged valves:
Tissue valves (biologic or bioprosthetic valves) are made of human or animal tissue. These biological valves can be taken from three types of tissues:
Xenograft: animal tissue graft,
Homograft or Allograft: human tissue of a donated heart,
Autograft: tissue is taken from the patient.
In the case of biological valves, patients won’t have to use blood-thinning medicine. However, they are not as robust as mechanical valves and need to be changed every ten years. These valves are used mainly in older patients as they break down fast in young adults and children.
● Mechanical Valves
The mechanical valves are manufactured from metal, plastic, or carbon. They last for an extended period as they are strong. However, in the case of mechanical valves, patients will have to use blood-thinning medicines or anticoagulants for the rest of their lives because the blood tends to stick to the material of the mechanical valve and form clots.
When would you Need Heart Valve Replacement?
Defects in the heart valves cause problems in the blood flow from the heart to the body; therefore, the heart muscles have to work more to compensate. This causes easy fatigue, leading to cardiac diseases.
Therefore, you will need a heart valve replacement. The heart valve replacement cost in India ranges from USD 6,200 to USD 8,200.
A person can be born with heart valve defects or develop one as they age. When you have a heart valve disease from birth, it is called congenital valve disease. On the other hand, acquired heart diseases are developed in later stages of life.
In case of either kind of valve disease, doctors recommend undergoing a heart valve replacement. Three kinds of heart valve diseases need heart valve replacement surgery. They are,
In stenosis, the heart valve becomes narrow, which decreases blood circulation. This type of heart valve condition can happen when the valves become stiff, thickened, and fused, so they can’t open completely. Patients can have it from birth or may have developed with age.
This happens when the heart valve cannot be completely closed and leaks blood back to the chamber it just left. That’s why it’s called leaky or insufficient valve or backflow. This type of heart valve disease can happen when the valve does not close tightly enough. It can also happen when a heart valve bulges back or prolapses into the chamber during a heartbeat. The defect can either be acquired or congenital. Therefore, patients would need heart valve replacement and be aware of the heart valve replacement cost in India.
It is an instance of congenital heart valve disease and happens when there is an absence of an opening in the valve to pass the blood through.
Doctors refer to the heart valve disease by pairing the type of the problem with the valve’s name. For example, mitral stenosis happens when the mitral valve becomes narrowed. Or, aortic regurgitation occurs when blood backflows from the aortic valve.
Symptoms to Lookout For
Some patients have minor heart valve conditions with few or any symptoms. Other patients may have unusual symptoms that could be gradual or happen swiftly. The symptoms that need the attention of a heart valve replacement surgery are,
● Fainting or light-headedness or dizziness.
● Unusual fatigue.
● Shortness of breath, mostly during exertion or lying down.
● Irregular heartbeat, racing or fluttering heart.
● Chest pain.
● Swelling in the abdomen, ankles, legs, and feet.
The usual recovery time for a heart valve replacement surgery is six to eight weeks. After that, it takes around three months to get back to everyday life. However, the best hospitals provide extensive care, which helps patients recover faster.
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